Introduction: PLANNING INSTRUCTION AND TRAINING

Our examination and discussion addressing the planning of instruction and training includes those  factors that contribute to dynamic higher education and organization training environments; and most importantly their impact on student and trainee learning and  performance. Accordingly, planning instruction and training should include spontaneity and interactivity that enrich and enhance the higher education teaching-learning  and organization training experiences . In effect, sound instructional planning should assure that the teaching–learning planning process  draw from state of the art planning practices and instructional technology in order to maximize the acquisition and application of knowledge and competence.